How Wisdom Teeth And Your Immune System Are Related

Posted on: 28 December 2014

Many patients are not aware that a wisdom tooth extraction can have an effect on the patient's immune system, and a weakened immune system is one of the primary causes of an infection after having a wisdom tooth pulled.

Still Consider Getting an Extraction

Even though you have a weakened immune system, it might be a good idea to go through with the extraction. In some cases, wisdom teeth can contribute to a weakened immune system. It may also cause a bacteria infection that can cause pain and make you feel tired. If the bacterial infection is not treated, there is a chance that it can enter your bloodstream and cause problems with other organs in your body.

An infection near the wisdom teeth is called pericoronitis. The symptoms include a painful gum tissue, a bad smell in the mouth and gums that discharge pus. If the infection becomes severe enough, you might also experience jaw spasms and swelling near the area affected. While this can be managed to some extent with antibiotics and salt water rinses, removing the wisdom teeth, when possible, is the best course of action.

Explain Any Prior Medical Conditions

When communicating with your dentist, inform him or her about whether there is anything that might be weakening your immune system. For example, cancer medications can lead to a weaker immune system. Your dentist might use antibiotics to reduce the risk of an infection.

Stop Smoking

Those who smoke are more likely to have a weakened immune system and suffer an infection after a tooth extraction than those who do not. While quitting smoking is the best way to reduce your risk of an infection, you should at least quit smoking 24 hours before your surgery.

Keep Your Mouth Clean

After the surgery, if you continue to keep your mouth clean, you'll reduce the risk that your mouth will have an infection. Brush your tongue. Also, do not touch the affected area with your fingers or tongue.

Know When to Contact Your Dentist

You may need to contact a dental group like A Q Denture Services or a doctor depending on how the condition progresses. If the swelling gets worse rather than better, you will need to contact your dentist. If you have uncontrollable bleeding in the area, you will want to visit a doctor. If you suffer from fever, chills or redness, you will need to contact your doctor or dentist. If any part of your mouth feels numb for longer than three hours or you are struggling to swallow, contact a professional.